The clear sheet used to create animation cels, more stable than nitrate.
Animation Art Cel
A sheet of clear acetate or nitrate which is hand-painted and then placed over a background and photographed. The outline of the character (hand-painted or xeroxed) is applied to the front of the animation cel. The colors are hand-painted onto the back of the cel.
Animation Art Drawing
Refers to an original, one-of-a-kind animation production drawing created by an animator from which the animation cels are later created.
Animation Background Drawing or Setup
A sketch used as the basis for a background painting with the placement and action of the characters in that scene, occasionally with color highlights.
Animation Cel Setup
An animation cel or group of cels usually combined with a production background. A cel setup may have one or more levels of cels overlaid on the animation background.
A painting over which a series of animation cels are photographed to make up a scene in an animated film. During the scene, the background remains constant, whereas the cels, which are placed over the background and photographed, create the action. Original production backgrounds are rare.
Clean Up Drawing
An Animation drawing done by referring to the rough animation drawing. From these drawings, the cels are then created.
Short for celluloid, which is a clear sheet of plastic or acetate on which images are inked and painted for traditional hand drawn animation. Cels are placed over a background to be photographed in succession to form the action of a completed film.
Color Model Cel
An animation cel created by the Ink and Paint department for accurate colour-referencing during animation production. Colour test cels have colours different from the final characters. Also referred to as a Color Test.
A drawing created during the development of a character of characters.
Background art created for Disney animation cel scene set-ups and sold by the Courvoisier Galleries in the late 1930's and early 1940's.
A newer background created by an artist for the specific purpose of enhancing an animation cel.
A non-production background prepared by a studio artist to enhance or complete an animation cel setup.
Key Master Setup
An animation cel or cels paired with their original matching background as they appeared at the same moment in the actual animation film.
Very detailed animation drawings depicting the master backgrounds, or showing camera movements with sketchy indications of the placement of the characters.
Limited Edition Hand Painted Cel
A type of animation cel that is created in very limited numbers using the same hand-painting technique as an animation production cel. It may be derived from actual artwork used in the film or from a particular moment in a cartoon.
Master Set up
A cel or cels are paired with an animation background from the same film, but they do not appear together in the film at the same moment.
A single character or group of characters in a variety of poses used as a reference guide for animators to ensure consistency when drawing each character. Generally, one original model sheet and a few reproductions were made and distributed amongst the animators working on a specific sequence.
Older animation cels used up until the 1950's (1940's for Disney). They often show signs of aging such as rippling or yellowing.
One of One
This is a premium animation production drawing, usually framed side by side with a matching hand-painted animation cel, one-of-a-kind limited edition cel created from the that drawing.
An animation cel, drawing or background up to 12" x 30". Lady and the Tramp and Sleeping Beauty used this type of artwork, referred to as Cinemascope.
Pencil Model Sheet
A group of original animation pencil drawings on one sheet that illustrate an animated character in a variety of poses and expressions.
Any animation cel or drawing created for the production of an animated film. This does not necessarily mean that the piece appears in the film. Edited, colour model, and preliminary art are all production animation artwork.
An original animation background painting used in the final version of an animated film or short. The background establishes the location and overall mood of the scene.
An animation production drawing describes the animator's drawings which are used as the basis for creating animation cels.
A non-production animation cel created for promotional purposes. Characters are usually depicted in an "ideal" pose.
An animation drawing done by an animator to indicate the position and pose of the character.
Serigraphy, the printing term for the silk-screen process, is a fine art process in which limited editions are created by meticulously screening the colors of an image onto the back of an acetate animation cel or the surface of fine art paper or canvas - one color at a time.
Any animation art drawing or sequence of animation art drawings used to describe the plot of a film visually. Typically, these rough animation drawings depict the overall theme or scenario of a brief moment in the film.
A non-production animation background prepared by the animation studio for publicity or presentation purposes.
The image at the beginning of a cartoon depicting the title of the production. Title cels and the production backgrounds over which they are placed are very rare.
12-Field Cel or Drawing
An animation cel or drawing measuring 10" x 12."
16-Field Cel or Drawing
An animation cel or drawing measuring 12" x 16."
Mel Blanc (1908-1989)
Voice actor and comedian, known as the “Man of a Thousand Voices.” His six-decade career started in radio commercials, but he is best remembered for his work with Warner Brothers and Hanna-Barbera as the voice of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester the Cat, Tweety Bird, Woody Woodpecker, Barney Rubble, and Heathcliff. His tombstone reads: “That’s All Folks.”
Friz Freleng (1905-1995)
Animator, cartoonist, director, and producer of animated films, most notably for Warner Brothers. He created the characters of Sylvester the Cat, Yosemite Sam, and the Pink Panther, and was a four-time Academy Award winner.
Bill Hanna (1910-2001) and Joe Barbera (1911-2006)
Creators of Hanna-Barbera Productions, the animation studio that dominated North American television animation during the second half of the twentieth century. They produced many cartoons including the Flintstones, Tom and Jerry, Top Cat, The Yogi Bear Show, The Jetsons, The Huckleberry Hound Show, Scooby Doo, and The Smurfs.
Chuck Jones (1912-2002)
Animator, cartoonist, screenwriter, producer, and director of animated films, most notably for Warner Brothers. He created the characters of Pepe le Pew, the Roadrunner, Wile E. Coyote, and Marvin the Martian, and was a three-time Academy Award winner.